TABLE OF CONTENTS
Minting, Printing and Counterfeiting
++Contents and Order of Chapters is Subject to Change++
Acknowledgement and Thanks
INTRODUCTION: Minting, Printing and Counterfeiting
1. Minting, Not Printing
Before the Civil War, the US Government made
only coins; to this day, the US Mint only makes coins.
Paper money began with “Greenbacks” in 1862
2. THREE US MINTS TAKEN HOSTAGE IN THE SOUTH!
Plus an intro to the 5 US Mints in Production in 1860;
The Confederacy claimed the 3 Southern Mints as “forfeit”
Federal property in 1861 (Custome Houses, too)
3. THREE MINTS IN THE SOUTH: Taken in Trust – Part 2
Charlotte, NC + Dahlonega, GA + New Orleans, LA
4. THREE MINTS APPROVED IN THE WILD WEST
Denver, CO + Carson City, NV + The Dalles, OR
5. THE LEGAL TENDER ACT OF 1862 = Plenty of Paper Money
and the Rise of the US Treasury Girls
Rep. Elbridge Spaulding “Conjures Money Out of Nothing”
Creates Legal Tender Paper Currency, Gives Rise
to the Bureau of the Currency and the US Treasury Girls
6. THE CASE OF THE GREEN TINT
Our neighbors to the North help stymie Counterfeiters
with “The Green Tint Ink” and that gives rise to “The Greenback”
(paper money) and the rise of the American Bank Note Co.
7. WHO PRINTED ALL THE MONEY FOR THE CONFEDERACY?
Many printing and engraving firms were contracted to
produce the roughly $1.7 billion for the Confederate
government: Evans & Cogswell of Charleston, SC was probably
the biggest and most diverse firm, but there were many others.
Several had to reckon with General Sherman in the end . . .
8. KONIACKERS, BOODLE-CARRIERS AND COUNTERFEITERS:
Patriots & Profiteers give rise to the US Secret Service.
There were big names involved, including Samuel Upton of
Philly, who skirted around various laws, had a price put on
his head by the Confederacy and flooded the South with fake
notes – sold as war souvenirs. But there were dozens of ace
plate-makers and engravers flooding the contiinent with fake
banknotes; it is estimated that 30% of all paper money was
counterfeit by the War’s end!
9. COUNTERFEIT COINS ABOUND
Fake Spanish Reales were the most prevalent for decades and
electroplating makes matters worse after 1857
Green Mountaiin Metal Detecting (GMMD) has made discoveries
of Fake Gold and Silver Coins from before the Civil War, plus
Startling Lost Souvenirs from the War unearthed in the mountains